Capacity Building Programme

In this Capacity building programme, you can find information about SENTRY methodology and transversal competencies in terms of: how to network, how to deal with a victim of discrimination, the role of sport in social inclusion, and the knowledge of fundamental rights.


SENTRY Toolkit has been created to provide a tool for coaches, instructors, monitors, educators, youth or social workers, on how to identify and act when facing a case of discrimination in a sport-related context. Ultimately, SENTRY Sport aims to reduce and prevent discriminatory acts and aggressions.

This toolkit is also intended for anyone interested or involved in social work concerning discrimination. You don’t need vast experience in fighting discrimination to use this toolkit. The most important factor is your interest in a fairer, more equal and inclusive society, where everyone feels comfortable and enjoys equal opportunities.

For inspiration, please follow a presentation by Carlos de Cárcer, an expert in Human rights and President of NGO "Red Deporte y Cooperación” (Spain).

Fundamental Rights

Before starting any action, it is important to know the theoretical and legislative studies done at the European level on the phenomenon and have knowledge about the sources.

Indeed, it is important when we start a path for the inclusion of all in sport activities to talk about fundamental rights and understand how much they are respected in Europe.

For inspiration, listen to a presentation by Marco Proto, an Italian lawyer who specialised in migrants’ rights.

The Role of Sport in Social Inclusion

SENTRY Sport is based on the historical heritage of Europe: a duty of remembrance, vigilance, and resistance in the face of racism, gender discrimination, sexism, homophobia, transphobia, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, islamophobia, antigypsyism/anti-Roma, and intolerance in sports.

The goal must be to launch a comprehensive European strategy to counter hate in all its forms in grassroots sports.

In sport, the safeguarding of those values, summarized with the term “sporting spirit” (ethics, fair play, honesty, education, solidarity, etc.) is often professed, however, although animated by the aforementioned noble intentions, this sector ends up “putting in place” many discriminatory behaviours.

For inspiration, please watch the presentation by Davide Valeri, an Italian sociologist who specialised in the migration phenomenon.

Words Matters: The Importance of Definition!

We often use non-appropriate words to describe a group of people based on their origin and background. And very often, even in the media, the descriptions are not true or, worse, offensive.

It is important to understand the difference e.g. between a refugee and a migrant, or a gay and a transgender, in order to learn better communication. In this small glossary, you can find some responses from A of antigypsyism to X of xenophobia.

SENTRY Methodology

SENTRY Sport is a methodology for surfacing, preventing and mitigating acts of discrimination in sport at all levels, from the grassroots to the elite level. After analysing many official documents and research carried out by various national centres for the prevention of discrimination, it is clear that a phenomenon of “under-reporting” exists.

Many victims are afraid to speak up and disclose that they were verbally or physically abused, while many witnesses might turn a blind eye to the issue out of fear or disinterest. There is also a tendency to undermine acts of discrimination: “It’s a joke”, “Now with #metoo you can’t court a woman anymore”, “I am not racist, but gypsies...”.

To learn more, we invite you to watch the presentation by Davide Valeri, an Italian sociologist who specialised in the migration phenomenon

Who is a SENTRY?

A SENTRY is a person who knows his or her community of reference, sports centres and the world of sport in general. He/she is able to recognise direct and indirect discrimination and create a series of relationships with different stakeholders. Competencies and skills required:

  • empathy
  • listening
  • communication
  • networking

How to become a SENTRY

Become a SENTRY following 3 simple steps:

  1. Creation of the network;
  2. Organisation of awareness campaign;
  3. Monitoring.

It is really important to understand the role of proximity relationships and projects of community for gaining the trust of the people and understanding the problems.

Discover more by watching this presentation by Daniela Conti, head of Policies for Intercultural and Cooperation for UISP APS and coordinator for the SENTRY Sport project (Italy).


Building a strong partnership is one of the key principles of the SENTRY Sport project and in general of all the projects which intend to analyse and work inside the social and sport community. In order to gather information, and then develop, and implement awareness raising campaigns, it is important to have a solid partnership composed of civil society organisations, sport associations and local institutions.

Learn more with this presentation by Marta Pellón Brussosa, project manager and expert in working with municipalities in EFUS (France).

Would you like to be inspired and get a step further?

You can have a look at these interesting resources:

- Wachter K. (2014). Understanding the Issue of Partnership in Sport and Development through the Theoretical Perspective of Empowerment.

- Written Essay – Unit LEI402: Social Theories and Issues in Sport and Development. MA course in Sport and Development at Southampton Solent University

But you can also take inspiration from good practices where the role of networking has been fundamental to work in the field of social inclusion in sport:

Understanding the Target

A victim is any person who has suffered harm, such as physical or mental injury, emotional suffering, or substantial impairment of his or her fundamental rights, through acts or omissions that are in violation of the criminal law. The definition of victim might include indirect victims like the immediate family or dependents or even colleagues of a direct victim.

In this project it is really important to understand how to work with and for victims of discrimination and/or the witnesses, using empathy and listening.

Train yourself with this presentation by Agni Vytanioti, project manager and expert for the association En Drasei (Greece).

How to evaluate SENTRY Methodology?

Evaluation is an important aspect of any project, it helps to understand what went right and what went wrong, how to improve future projects, and how to use the data collected.

For SENTRY, evaluation is the way to understand what’s next. Only when we understand the phenomenon can we implement new actions to improve the situation.

Discover more about the SENTRY evaluation methodology in this presentation by Daniela Conti, Head of Intercultural Actions and Cooperation Policies for UISP APS and coordinator of the SENTRY Sport project (Italy):


All the materials presented are free to be used and we hope you will replicate our methodology.

The only thing you will need to create by yourself is matrix for the database as it depends on the use of the questionnaire.

But you can take inspiration from the evaluation form we created for specific participants:

Would You Like To Know More?

SENTRY partners recommend the following resources as a must-read when it comes to addressing discrimination:


The SENTRY Sport project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This website reflects the views only of the author (UISP), and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.